Vatterott OKC Paralegal Studies

We don't teach you what to think. We teach you HOW to think.

Archive for the category “Intro to Law”


Congratulations – You made it to week five.  I knew you could do it.

Four of you currently sit in my room taking your Intro to Law mid-term.  We discussed how to spot key words in a phrase to assist in using the book to find the correct answer.  I know you will all do well.




This is just a summary of the motions we discussed today in Intro to Law.  If you are in the Oklahoma City area and you are interested in becoming a paralegal, please give our Admissions office a call.  They know that if you come to visit while I am teaching that I would be happy to meet with you!  I am on campus four days per week.

Today we discussed the lifespan of a lawsuit and some of the motions that may be filed during the span.

  • Motion to Dismiss – In some states, this is also known as a demurrer.  This is filed alleging that the complaint does not contain facts that warrants any type of lawsuit or that the complaint is improperly stated according to procedural rules.
  • Motion to Quash Service of Process – This challenges the service of process of the summons.  If someone isn’t properly served, that can cause problems with the lawsuit.
  • Motion to Compel – If procedural time limits are not honored, the party expecting information may request that court order immediate compliance.
  • Motion for Sanctions – This is used when one party is of the opinion that the other party is willfully disregarding the rules of procedure or orders of the court.
  • Motion for Summary Judgment – It basically states that the evidence is so overwhelmingly in favor of one party that no reasonable judge or jury could find in favor of the other party.  It asks that the case be determined without trial and in favor of the requesting party.
  • Motion in limine – This is an attempt to prevent certain evidence from being presented on the basis that it could interfere with an informed and fair decision by the jury.


Substantive & Procedural Law

Substantive law creates, defines, and regulates rights.

Procedural law gives methods of enforcing rights or shows individuals how to obtain redress for the invasion of rights.

Procedural law includes the following (this is not an all inclusive list):

  • The time limit for bringing a lawsuit
  • The manner in which it is started
  • The proper way to inform the defendant about the lawsuit
  • The types of information that must be released by each party to the opposing party
  • The procedure at trial
  • The evidence that can be introduced at trial
  • The method for appealing the decision

Bill to Law

A bill is a proposed law (legislation).  It can originate in either the House or the Senate with the exception of a revenue raising bill; it must originate in the House.

  • The person presenting the bill is called the bill sponsor.  
  • It goes to a joint committee.  A joint committee has members from both the House and the Senate.  They work on hammering out the details.
  • Then, it is presented to the originating body.  The originating body is the part of Congress the sponsor belongs to (Senate or House).
  • During the presentation, the bill is debated and sometimes further refined.
  • Then, a vote takes place in the originating body.  If passed, it goes to the other half of Congress.
  • Rinse and repeat on the discussion and vote.
  • If the vote is affirmative, it goes to the President.
  • The President has ten days to do something with the bill.  If he signs it, the bill becomes law on the date chosen by Congress.  I’m sure you’ve seen statutes that say, “Effective (insert date here).”  If he does not sign it and Congress IS in session, it automatically becomes law.  If he does not sign it and Congress IS NOT in session, it becomes a pocket veto.
  • If the President vetoes a bill out right, it is returned to Congress.  If Congress can overturn the veto with a majority vote, the bill still becomes law.

This differs a little bit from enacting a new Constitutional Amendment.  Not only would adding a new Amendment require a majority vote by our federal Congress, 3/4 of the state governments would also have to approve of the addition.


Case brief tutorial

Case brief tutorial

This is an excellent site with an in-depth look inside the whys and hows of briefing a case.  Oh, and should you decide, you can even test your knowledge with mini-quizzes.  Case briefing is such an important skill for any legal professional.  The site even shows you a sample case brief by breaking down every section.  I am sure you will find this to be a beneficial resource during your educational pursuit.

Articles of Confederation

Articles of Confederation

  • Devised and published about 11 years before the Constitution
  • Ineffective on a local level
  • Created our first centralized government

State and Federal Powers

State and Federal Powers

This is a lovely plain English site that explains the differences between state and federal powers.  Nothing like a little education on a Friday!

Welcome, new students!

In just a few short days you will begin on an amazing educational journey.  In just a couple of short years you will be in an amazing career as a legal professional.  We at Vatterott are dedicated to your success as a student and a professional.

We understand the delicate balance of education and family life.  We understand that some of you will continue to work during your college experience.  Vatterott OKC is a beautiful and amazing facility that is designed to assist you to become the best person possible during your experience and thereafter.

Here are just a few things you should know ahead of time:

  • Your syllabus is your friend.  While it is mostly a loose guide telling you what will be covered during the term, the assignments are listed in it.  It has your weekly reading assignments and your written assignments.
  • eCampus is your friend.  I use it to keep up with grades, disseminate information, and share helpful websites.  Please do give me a little time to get everything assembled for you.
  • Please come to class prepared.  We will develop a list of classroom expectations together.  Preparation means you have finished your reading, you have something to take notes on (and to do pop quizzes that WILL be graded), ink pen, and being attentive.  Please do NOT turn in assignments written on spiral bound notebook paper.  If you write your assignments because you do not have access to a computer, please use clean tear or loose leaf paper.
  • I am on campus four days per week.  Two of those days I will be on campus until at least one in the afternoon.  On day one, I will provide you with my email and cell phone.
  • Speaking of email, please check it on a regular basis.  I will use your personal email instead of your student email.
  • If you are struggling in ANY of your coursework, please come to me.  I can’t help you if you don’t tell me you’re having a problem.  I am also your student adviser.
  • Be on time.

I look forward to week one (and the following nine weeks).  I assure you that I will respect your time and your investment in to your future.  I will help you all that I can, but I can’t do it for you.

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